How wildlife research can aid environmental education
Deforestation and other mostly human factors are taking away home of 80 percent of land based animals. This is a great danger for biodiversity and extinct animals. And it is getting faster and faster, 100 times faster than ever. A study presented three years ago showed a sad fact that we are witnessing another one mass extinction of creatures we share planet with. Not just witnessing this, we are causing it and we are doing it 100 times faster than any other time in history.
Does that fact makes us mass murderers?
We are surely not innocent. Habitat loss over, over-exploitation for economical use and climate change are those death sentence factors for biodiversity, and we are warned to stop it as fast as it goes now. Pretty fast. Only climate change could threaten 16 percents of species, and it is about more than a million by 2100 — claimed scientist Mark Urban very recently. International union for conservation of nature's red list of extinct animals is getting bigger. They are in great danger and that are all horrible facts, but let's face it what does that doing to actual animals. Or better to ask ourselves: what are we doing to them?
Did you ever hear about American Pika?
It is a rabbit like animal which is found in the mountains of North America. They are smaller relatives of rabbits and, guess what — they are not so slowly disappearing. And it is our fault. Global warming is just a phrase for many of us, but for those animals it means that temperatures on the mountains are getting so high that their coat is becoming death suit. They are climbing up to survive, but in their case, top of the mountain is their limit. And it is not enough. And there is another great dangerous to some animals — deforestation. This is just another factor that increases climate change.
A blue exotic parrot from Brazil, the Spix macaw is paying the price. If you watched that Disney movie called Rio, there that familiar Disney ending. In reality, there is only one wild-born parrot of this kind. It is believed to be extinct in wild, and researchers are doing their best to restore this population. In a movie Rio, the macaw returns to Brazil, and finds last remaining Spix s macaw, female of course. It is not so likely to have movie ending in reality. Lack of genetic diversity is great challenge in an artificial environment they are held now. But the question is how much a movie raise awareness about rarest, disappearing birds.
The same is happening with orangutans: industry of palm oil making is taking away their home: Indonesia and Malaysia produces over 85% of world's palm oil and are the only remaining home to orangutans. And it is very simple. We took their habitat. Each year size of half of England of forests disappears. Compare that to a fact that 80 percent of land based animals are living in the forest, according to National Geographic. And by this course, rain forests might disappear in hundreds of years. There is study saying that animal populations dropped by 58 percent between 1970 and 2012.
Why we should be aware of catastrophic events?
Well, it is like we are given a golden opportunity — and that is what biodiversity is. There are keys to our problems, there are our solutions for life, and in the end — there are medicines, and we are destroying it — page by page. Would you destroy on purpose book of great recipes to get your life better? We are doing that by making a planet hostile for plenty of species.